IELTS Learning

皆様今晩は🌠本日は、Jinkochanの日々の学びの一部を公開します!こちらはIELTSのフリーのサイトから毎日送られてくるspeakingの例題です。BAND 8.0だから恐らくJinkochanには早い気がするのですが・・・でも、フリーでこんなに毎日送って来てくださる事に感動します😢そして、ブログに書けばちゃんと毎日目を通すので書きました(笑)

今年のお正月は the Asiatic Society of Japanの会報をゆっくり読む機会を持て、3年越しのメールを整理できたり(笑)整理整頓が出来ました。せっかく頂いたのにご連絡が出来ていない名刺の山を見て、宝物を大切に扱えていないと悲しくなり少しづつご連絡しようと思いました💗


IELTS Materials and Resources, Get IELTS Tips, Tricks & Practice Test Eyes In The Back Of One’s Head – Idiom Of The Day For IELTS IELTS SPEAKING PRACTICE TEST 40 & BAND 8.0 SAMPLE ANSWERS IELTS Reading Recent Actual Test 8 in 2016 with Answer Key IELTS Writing Practice Test 30 (Task 1 & 2) & Sample Answers IELTS Cue Card Sample 79 – Topic: A Time You Used Your Imagination Eyes In The Back Of One’s Head – Idiom Of The Day For IELTS Posted: 02 Jan 2017 07:35 AM PST Eyes In The Back Of One’s Head – Idiom Of The Day For IELTS Speaking. Definition: The ability to know what’s going on even when you are not present Example: “My grandfather has eyes in the back of his head. He always seems to know what mischief we’re planning .“ “My teacher seems to have eyes in the back of her head.” Exercise: Choose the suitable idiom to complete the sentence below. ” Parents of young children have to have ________________________.“ A. out on a limb B. eyes in the back of their head C. beauty is in the eye of the beholder D. had chemistry Describe a teacher that you really admire. Try to use this idiom in your speech. You should say: – Who he or she is – Which school he or she taught you – What he or she looks like And explain why you admire him or her IELTS SPEAKING PRACTICE TEST 40 & BAND 8.0 SAMPLE ANSWERS Posted: 02 Jan 2017 05:53 AM PST Check out IELTS Speaking Recent Actual Test in December 2016 & Sample Answers to be well prepared for both IELTS Academic & General Training Test. IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics & Questions Do you work? Or are you a student? Well, I’m a senior at LongBeach University. My major is Linguistics and I am about to gradute this January. What is your major about? As you can tell from its name, it’s about teaching English for students of all ages. It supplies me with knowledge about teaching methodology , how to prepare syllabus and deal with class situations. It’s very interesting major for me Do you enjoy your major? Yes, absolutely. Teaching has always been my favorite job as I can pass knowledge to everyone. One of the perks of the job is that I can earn respect from others though sometimes this job is really stressful Is there anything you don’t like about your major? Well, I think that my major sometimes is boring as the same lesson repeated over and over. I don’t have many chances to have practical experience as I learn theories most of the time What do you don’t like about being a teacher? As I said before, being a teacher is pretty stressful as I have to stay on top of everything . For instance, controlling the class and finding suitable teaching methodology for weak students. Besides, giving marks for tests takes lots of time so I hardly have time to take a break What kind of jobs get very high salaries in your country? I think that the more challenging the job is, the higher the salary people get.Doctors or engineers are one of the well-paid jobs as they require many years of experience and qualification Will you do the same job in the future? Being an English teacher is a dream for me. It’s rewarding and challenging job so I wont change my decision. What’s your favorite color? I’m a big fan of vivid colors , especially red or white. They bring a sense of warm and I look good in those colors Are there any colours that have a special meaning in your country? Well, red and yellow are national colors . They appear everywhere, on the national flag, clothes and people often decorate their house in yellow. Are there any colours you dislike? [Why?] I have to say that I don’t like black. It doesn’t suit my skin tone and black reminds me of gloom so it’s my least favorite color Do you think colours are important? I think that colors are irreplaceable in our daily lives. Without them , everyday would be tedious and dreary. They beautify walls and streets with vivid colors and boost our mood in blue days Why do some people like dark colors? I think there are some reasons. It forms a sense of mystery so people can hide their true emtions like insecurity. Besides, people who look plump often wear dark colors to hide their weight and look thinner When you are buying something, is the colour important to you? Yes, it is. If the color suits my skin tone, it will highlight my beauty and vice versa. So whenever I buy clothes, color is my first consideration IELTS Speaking Part 2: Describe an interesting or unusual thing you did in your spare time Where do you do it? When do you do it? Who do you do it with? and describe why it was unusual or interesting. I’d like to talk about a sport that I’ve (1) taken up lately. I’ve just started going cycling a few weeks ago when my motorbike suddenly broke down. My office is not so far from my house so I decided to ride to work and do exercise at the same time. It started (2)growing on me so now I go cycling for fun. I often spend time in early mornings to ride around the Sword lake. The weather is so pleasant and there isn’t as much traffic as in the afternoon so it’s perfect time to (3)unwind. I often ride alone but I (4)signed up for this cycling club where everyone (4)share the passion for riding. I (5)get on well with some members so we get together in the mornings, ride around the lake and the old quarter then stop by (6)eatery to have light breakfast. Cycling not only (7)makes my day but also (8)widen my circle of friends. Though youngsters aren’t interested in this sport as they have interest in other things like games or social networks, I personally think that it is the best way to(9) keep fit and (10)be as fit as a fiddle IELTS Speaking Part 3: How do people in your country spend free time? Well, I think it depends on personality. People who are active are likely to hang out and spend more time outdoor. They may join in some clubs, make new friends or involve in some social activities to amuse themshelves. On the other hand, introvert people tend to idle away the hours staying indoor and spending quality time with their families Is there any difference in spending free time now with the past? Yes, it seems to me that cutting-edge technology has great impact on how people spend their free time. While youngsters in the past spent more time outdoor to play some traditional games, youngsters today play video games or surf the internet . that’s why leisure pursuits today make people less active and creative than they used to be Does this change bring any advantage? From my point of view, this modification has certain benefits. Browsing the internet allows people to update lastest news freely and conveniently. That’s a good way to be in touch with the world. Besides, playing video games isn’t only good for mental but also physical health. It helps reducing stress ,depression and boosts the mood. Interactive games are fast-paced so players have to pay fully attention or else they’ll lose. That’s why players are likely to focus and have better motor skills than normal person How does finance affect the way people spend free time? I see finance has profound impact on spending in spare time. While affluent people tend to spend their time playing golf or chilling out at spas, people having low income are likely to spend time at home, watch a movie. The more money we have, the more money we spend so that’s why leisure pursuits vary according to finance Is it important to have a hobby? / Why is it important for people to have free-time activities? I personally believe that hobby is a remedy for fatigue. Since you choose that activity, it will always give you pleasure and help you to unwind. Even if you indulge in your hobby for a short period of time, you still can feel the difference in your energy level and spirit. While you pursue a hobby, you may discover that you have a talent for something unusual as well which you do not know about so far. One more thing is that it also an a chance to meet amazing people of similar taste when you join in any club Is it harmful to spend too much time on a hobby? Yes, I do agree to some extent. While having a hobby allows people to unwind after stressful days, over-indulgence in anything could do more harm than good. Lots of people spend too much time on playing games or going to parities without realizing that they are wasting precious time. For instance, a student spend long hours to play game will lead to bad academic performance at school. So people should balance between their life and hobby What free-time activities would you like to try in the future? I suppose it depends on my mood. If I feel energetic, i’d like to have a crack at exciting sports like football to be more flexible and get into shape. On the other hand, I’d like to take up some instrumental music . I find it very relaxing and interesting to play some piece of music when I feel sad IELTS Reading Recent Actual Test 8 in 2016 with Answer Key Posted: 01 Jan 2017 11:01 PM PST SECTION 1 You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 14-25, which are based on Reading Passage 2 below Ancient Chinese Chariots A The Shang Dynasty or Yin Dynasty, according to traditional historiography, ruled in the Yellow River valley in the second millennium Archaeological work at the Ruins of Yin (near modern-day Anyang), which has been identified as the last Shang capital, uncovered eleven major Yin royal tombs and the foundations of palaces and ritual sites, containing weapons of war and remains from both animal and human sacrifices. B The Tomb of Fu Hao is an archaeological site at Yinxu, the ruins of the ancient Shang Dynasty capital Yin, within the modem city of Anyang in Henan Province, China. Discovered in 1976,it was identified as the final resting place of the queen and military general Fu Hao. The artifacts unearthed within the grave included jade objects, bone objects, bronze objects etc. These grave goods are confirmed by the oracle texts, which constitute almost all of the first hand written record we possess of the Shang Dynasty. Below the corpse was a small pit holding the remains of six sacrificial dogs and along the edge lay the skeletons of human slaves, evidence of human sacrifice. C The Terracotta Army was discovered on 29 March 1974 to the east of Xi’an in Shaanxi. The terracotta soldiers were accidentally discovered when a group of local farmers was digging a well during a drought around 1.6 km (I mile) east of the Qin Emperors tomb around at Mount Li (Lishan), a region riddled with underground springs and watercourses. Experts currently place the entire number of soldiers at 8,000 — with 130 chariots (130 cm long), 530 horses and 150 cavalry horses helping to ward of any dangers in the afterlife. In contrast, the burial of Tutank hamun yielded six complete but dismantled chariots of unparalleled richness and sophistication. Each was designed for two people (90 cm long) and had its axle sawn through to enable it to be brought along the narrow corridor into the tomb. D Excavation of ancient Chinese chariots has confirmed the descriptions of them in the earliest texts. Wheels were constructed from a variety of woods: elm provided the hub, rose-wood the spokes and oak the felloes. The hub was drilled through to form an empty space into which the tampering axle was fitted,the whole being covered with leather to retain lubricating oil. Though the number of spokes varied, a wheel by the fourth century BC usually had eighteen to thirty-two of them. Records show how elaborate was the testing of each completed wheel: flotation and weighing were regarded as the best measures of balance, but even the empty spaces in the assembly were checked with millet grains. One outstanding constructional asset of the ancient Chinese wheel was dishing. Dishing refers to the dishlike shape of an advanced wooden wheel, which looks rather like a flat cone. On occasion they chose to strengthen a dished wheel with a pair of struts running from rim to rim on each of the hub. As these extra supports were inserted separately into the felloes, they would have added even greater strength to the wheel. Leather wrapped up the edge of the wheel aimed to retain bronze. E Within a millennium, however, Chinese chariot-makers had developed a vehicle with shafts, the precursor of the true carriage or cart. This design did not make its appearance in Europe until the end of the Roman Empire. Because the shafts curved upwards, and the harness pressed against a horse’s shoulders, not his neck, the shaft chariot was incredibly efficient. The halberd was also part of chariot standard weaponry. This halberd usually measured well over 3 metres in length, which meant that a chariot warrior wielding it sideways could strike down the charioteer in a passing chariot. The speed of chariot which was tested on the sand was quite fast. At speed these passes were very dangerous for the crews of both chariots. F The advantages offered by the new chariots were not entirely missed. They could see how there were literally the warring states, whose conflicts lasted down the Qin unification of China. Qin Shi Huang was buried in the most opulent tomb complex ever constructed in China, a sprawling, city-size collection of underground caverns containing everything the emperor would need for the afterlife. Even a collection of terracotta armies called Terra- Cotta Warriors was buried in it. The ancient Chinese, along with many cultures including ancient Egyptians, believed that items and even people buried with a person could be taken with him to the afterlife Questions 1-4 Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1? In boxes 1-4 on you answer sheet, write TRUE if the statement is true FALSE if the statement is false NOT GIVEN if the information is not given in the passage 1. when discovered, the written records of the grave goods proved to be accurate. 2. Human skeletons in Anyang tomb were identified ad soldiers who were killed in the war. 3. The Terracotta Army was discovered by people lived nearby by chance. 4. The size of the King Tutankhamen’s tomb is bigger than that of in Qin Emperors’ tomb. Questions 5-10 Complete the notes below. Choose ONE WORD from the passage for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 5-10 on your answer sheet 5. The hub is made wood from the tree of…………………. 6. The room through the hub was to put tempering axle in which is wrapped up by leather aiming to retain…………………. 7. The number of spokes varied from…………………….to …………………. 8. The shape of wheel resembles a……………………. 9. Two was used to strengthen the wheel……………………. 10. Leather wrapped up the edge of the wheel aimed to remain……………………….. Questions 11-13 Answer the questions below. Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer. 11. What body part of horse was released the pressure from to the shoulder 12. what kind road surface did the researchers measure the speed of the chariot ? 13. What part of his afterlife palace was the Emperor Qin Shi Huang buried? SECTION 2 Saving the British Bitterns A Breeding bitterns became extinct in the UK by 1886 but, following re-colonisation early last century, numbers rose to a peak of about 70 booming (singing) males in the 1950s, falling to fewer than 20 by the 1990s. In the late 1980s it was clear that the bittern was in trouble, but there was little information on which to base recovery actions. B Bitterns have cryptic plumage and a shy nature, usually remaining hidden within the cover of reedbed vegetation. Our first challenge was to develop standard methods to monitor their numbers. The boom of the male bittern is its most distinctive feature during the breeding season, and we developed a method to count them using the sound patterns unique to each individual. This not only allows us to be much more certain of the number of booming males in the UK, but also enables us to estimate local survival of males from one year to the next C Our first direct understanding of the habitat needs of breeding bitterns came from comparisons of reedbedsites that had lost their booming birds with those that retained them. This research showed that bitterns had been retained in reedbeds where the natural process of succession, or drying out, had been slowed through management. Based on this work, broad recommendations on how to manage and rehabilitate reedbeds for bitterns were made, and funding was provided through the EU LIFE Fund to manage 13 sites within the core breeding range. This project, though led by the RSPB, involved many other organisations. D To refine these recommendations and provide fine-scale, quantitative habitat prescriptions on the bitterns7 preferred feeding habitat, we radio-tracked male bitterns on the RSPB’s Minsmere and Leighton Moss reserves. This showed clear preferences for feeding in the wetter reedbed margins, particularly within the reedbed next to larger open pools. The average home range sizes of the male bitterns we followed (about 20 hectares) provided a good indication of the area of reedbed needed when managing or creating habitat for this species. Female bitterns undertake all the incubation and care of the young, so it was important to understand their needs as well. Over the course of our research, we located 87 bittern nests and found that female bitterns preferred to nest in areas of continuous vegetation, well into the reedbed, but where water was still present during the driest part of the breeding season. E The success of the habitat prescriptions developed from this research has been spectacular. For instance, at Minsmere, booming bittern numbers gradually increased from one to 10 following reedbed lowering, a management technique designed to halt the drying out process. After a low point of 11 booming males in 1997, bittern numbers in Britain responded to all the habitat management work and started to increase for the first time since the 1950s. F The final phase of research involved understanding the diet, survival and dispersal of bittern chicks. To do this we fitted small radio tags to young bittern chicks in the nest, to determine their fate through to fledgingand beyond. Many chicks did not survive to fledging and starvation was found to be the most likely reason for their demise. The fish prey fed to chicks was dominated by those species penetrating into the reed edge. So, an important element of recent studies (including a PhD with the University of Hull) has been the development of recommendations on habitat and water conditions to promote healthy native fish populations G Once independent, radio-tagged young bitterns were found to seek out new sites during their first winter; a proportion of these would remain on new sites to breed if the conditions were suitable. A second EU LIFE funded project aims to provide these suitable sites in new areas. A network of 19 sites developed through this partnership project will secure a more sustainable UK bittern population with successful breeding outside of the core area, less vulnerable to chance events and sea level rise. H By 2004, the number of booming male bitterns in the UK had increased to 55, with almost all of the increase being on those sites undertaking management based on advice derived from our research. Although science has been at the core of the bittern story, success has only been achieved through the trust, hard work and dedication of all the managers, owners and wardens of sites that have implemented, in some cases very drastic, management to secure the future of this wetland species in the UK. The constructed bunds and five major sluices now control the water level over 82 ha, with a further 50 ha coming under control in the winter of 2005/06. Reed establishment has principally used natural regeneration or planted seedlings to provide small core areas that will in time expand to create a bigger reed area. To date nearly 275,000 seedlings have been planted and reed cover is extensive. Over 3 km of new ditches have been formed, 3.7 km of existing ditch have been re-profiled and 2.2 km of old meander (former estuarine features) has been cleaned out. I Bitterns now regularly winter on the site some indication that they are staying longer into the spring. No breeding has yet occurred but a booming male was present in the spring of 2004. A range of wildfowl breed, as well as a good number of reedbed passerines including reed bunting, reed, sedge and grasshopper warblers. Numbers of wintering shoveler have increased so that the site now holds a UK important wintering population. Malltraeth Reserve now forms part of the UK network of key sites for water vole (a UK priority species) and 12 monitoring transects has been established. Otter and brown-hare occur on the site as does the rare plant. Pillwort. Questions 14-20 The reading passage has seven paragraphs, A-H Choose the correct heading for paragraphs A-Hfrom the list below. Write the correct number, i-viii, in boxes 14-20 on your answer sheet. List of Headings i. research findings into habitats and decisions made ii. fluctuation in bittern number iii. protect the young bittern iv. international cooperation works v. Began in calculation of the number vi. importance of food vii. Research has been successful. viii. research into the reedbed ix. reserve established holding bittern in winter 14. Paragraph A 15. Paragraph B 16. Paragraph C 17. Paragraph D 18. Paragraph F 19. Paragraph G 20. Paragraph H Example Paragraph E vii Questions 21-26 Answer the questions below. Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer. 21. When did the bird of bitten reach its peak of number? 22. What does the author describe the bittern’s character? 23. What is the main cause for the chick bittern’s death? 24. What is the main food for chick bittern? 25. What system does it secure the stability for bittern’s population? 26. Besides bittern and rare vegetation, what mammal does the plan benefit? Questions 27 Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D. Write your answers in boxes 27 on your answer sheet. 27. What is the main purpose of this passage? A Main characteristic of a bird called bittern. B Cooperation can protect an endangered species. C The difficulty of access information of bittern’s habitat and diet. D To save wetland and reedbed in UK. SECTION 3 E-training A E-learning is the unifying term to describe the fields of online learning, web-based training, and technology-delivered instruction, which can be a great benefit to corporate e-learning. IBM, for instance, claims that the institution of its e-training program, Basic Blue, whose purpose is to train new managers, saved the company in the range of $200 million in 1999. Cutting the travel expenses required to bring employees and instructors to a central classroom accounts for the lion’s share of the savings. With an online course, employees can learn from any Internet-connected PC, anywhere in the world. Ernst and Young reduced training costs by 35 percent while improving consistency and scalability. B In addition to generally positive economic benefits, other advantages such as convenience, standardized delivery, self-paced learning, and variety of available content, have made e-learning a high priority for many corporations. E-learning is widely believed to offer flexible “any time, any place” learning. The claim for “any place” is valid in principle and is a great development. Many people can engage with rich learning materials that simply were not possible in a paper or broadcast distance learning era. For teaching specific information and skills, e-training holds great promise. It can be especially effective at helping employees prepare for IT certification programs. E-learning also seems to effectively address topics such as sexual harassment education,5 safety training and management training — all areas where a clear set of objectives can be identified. Ultimately, training experts recommend a “blended” approach that combines both online and in-person training as the instruction requires. E-learning is not an end-all solution. But if it helps decrease costs and windowless classrooms filled with snoring students, it definitely has its advantages. C Much of the discussion about implementing e-learning has focused on the technology, but as Driscoll and others have reminded us, e-learning is not just about the technology, but also many human factors. As any capable manager knows, teaching employees new skills is critical to a smoothly run business. Having said that, however, the traditional route of classroom instruction runs the risk of being expensive, slow and, often times, ineffective. Perhaps the classroom’s greatest disadvantage is the fact that it takes employees out of their jobs. Every minute an employee is sitting in a classroom training session is a minute they’re not out on the floor working. It now looks as if there is a way to circumvent these traditional training drawbacks. E-training promises more effective teaching techniques by integrating audio, video, animation, text and interactive materials with the intent of teaching each student at his or her own pace. In addition to higher performance results, there are other immediate benefits to students such as increased time on task, higher levels of motivation, and reduced test anxiety for many learners. A California State University Northridge study reported that e-learners performed 20 percent better than traditional learners. Nelson reported a significant difference between the mean grades of 406 university students earned in traditional and distance education classes, where the distance learners outperformed the traditional learners. D On the other hand, nobody said E-training technology would be cheap. E-training service providers, on the average, charge from $10,000 to $60,000 to develop one hour of online instruction. This price varies depending on the complexity of the training topic and the media used. HTML pages are a little cheaper to develop while streaming-video (presentations or flash animations cost more. Course content is just the starting place for cost. A complete e-learning solution also includes the technology platform (the computers, applications and network connections that are used to deliver the courses). This technology platform, known as a learning management system (LMS), can either be installed onsite or outsourced. Add to that cost the necessary investments in network bandwidth to deliver multimedia courses, and you’re left holding one heck of a bill. For the LMS infrastructure and a dozen or so online courses, costs can top $500,000 in the first year. These kinds of costs mean that custom e-training is, for the time being, an option only for large organizations. For those companies that have a large enough staff, the e-training concept pays for itself. Aware of this fact, large companies are investing heavily in online training. Today, over half of the 400-plus courses that Rockwell Collins offers are delivered instantly to its clients in an e-leaming format, a change that has reduced its annual (training costs by 40%. Many other success stories exist. E E-learning isn71 expected to replace the classroom entirely. For one thing, bandwidth limitations are still an issue in presenting multimedia over the Internet. Furthermore, e-training isn,t suited to every mode of instruction or topic. For instance, it’s rather ineffective imparting cultural values or building teams. If your company has a unique corporate culture it would be difficult to convey that to first time employees through a computer monitor. Group training sessions are more ideal for these purposes. In addition, there is a perceived loss of research time because of the work involved in developing and teaching online classes. Professor Wallin estimated that it required between 500 and 1,000 person-hours, that is, Wallin-hours, to keep the course at the appropriate level of currency and usefulness. (Distance learning instructors often need technical skills, no matter how advanced the courseware system.) That amounts to between a quarter and half of a person-year. Finally, teaching materials require computer literacy and access to equipment. Any e-Learning system involves basic equipment and a minimum level of computer knowledge in order to perform the tasks required by the system. A student that does not possess these skills, or have access to these tools, cannot succeed in an e-Learning program. F While few people debate the obvious advantages of e-learning, systematic research is needed to confirm that learners are actually acquiring and using the skills that are being taught online, and that e-learning is the best way to achieve the outcomes in a corporate environment. Nowadays, a go-between style of the Blended learning, which refers to a mixing of different learning environments, is gaining popularity. It combines traditional face-to-face classroom methods with more modem computer-mediated activities. According to its proponents, the strategy creates a more integrated approach for both instructors and learners. Formerly, technology-based materials played a supporting role to face-to-face instruction. Through a blended learning approach, technology will be more important Questions 28-33 The reading passage has seven paragraphs,A-F Choose the correct heading for paragraphs A-F from the list below. Write the correct number, i-xi in boxes 28-33 on your answer sheet. List of Headings i overview of the benefits for the application of E-training ii IBM’s successful choice of training iii Future direction and a new style of teaching iv learners7 achievement and advanced teaching materials v limitations when E-training compares with traditional class vi multimedia over the Internet can be a solution vii technology can be a huge financial burden viii the distance learners outperformed the traditional university learners in worldwide ix other advantages besides economic consideration x Training offered to help people learn using computers 28. Paragraph A 29. Paragraph B 30. Paragraph C 31. Paragraph D 32. Paragraph E 33. Paragraph F Questions 34-37 The reading Passage has seven paragraphs A-F. Which paragraph contains the following information? Write the correct letter A-F, in boxes 35-37 on your answer sheet. 34. Projected Basic Blue in IBM achieved a great success. 35. E-learning wins as a priority for many corporations as its flexibility. 36. The combination of the traditional and e-training environments may prevail. 37. Example of a fast electronic delivery for a company’s products to its customers. Questions 38-40 Choose Three correct letters, among A-E Write your answers in boxes 38-40 on your answer sheet. A Technical facilities are hardly obtained. B Presenting multimedia over the Internet is restricted due to the bandwidth limit. C It is ineffective imparting a unique corporate value to fresh employees. D Employees need block a long time leaving their position attending training. E More preparation time is needed to keep the course at the suitable level. ANSWER KEYS 1 TRUE 8 FALSE 3 TRUE 4 NOT GIVEN 5 Elm 6 Lubricating oil 7 Dish 8 18 – 32 9 Struts 10 Bronze 11 Neck 12 Sand 13 Tomb complex 14 ii 15 v 16 i 17 viii 18 vi 19 iii 20 iv 21 1950s 22 (being) shy/ shyness 23 Starvation 24 Native(fish) 25 Partnership project/ network(of sites)/ partnership project network 26 Otter and brown – hare 27 B 28 i 29 ix 30 iv 31 vii 32 V 33 iii 34 A 35 B 36 F 37 D 38 B 39 C 40 E IELTS Writing Practice Test 30 (Task 1 & 2) & Sample Answers Posted: 01 Jan 2017 08:54 PM PST IELTS Writing Topic: WRITING TASK 1 You should spend about 20 minutes on this task. The bar chart gives information about the number of library books borrowed from Lammertown Public Library in 1991 and 2001, and the pie chart gives information about the library’s membership in 2010. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words. WRITING TASK 2 You should spend about 40 minutes on this topic. Write about the following topic: With the increasing use and development of new technology, many machines are now able to do the work which people used to perform. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this trend? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience Write at least 250 words. SAMPLE ANSWERS Task 1 Model Answer The bar chart shows how many library books from each category were borrowed from Lammertown Public Library in 1991 and 2001. Two genres of books, crime novels and children’s fiction, showed a reduction in the number of books borrowed. The borrowing of crime novels decreased from approximately 500 in 1991 to slighdy over 200 in 2001, whereas the number of children’s fiction books taken out nearly halved from close to 700 to just under 400 during the same time period. However, all other categories of books experienced an increase in the number borrowed, with the biggest jump in the self- improvement category, which increased from just over 200 in 1991 to slightly under 1,000 in 2001. Romance books also had a surge in popularity to 1,400 in 2001. All in all, the number of books lent in most categories increased with the exception of the categories of crime novels and children’s fiction. The pie chart gives information about the gender of Lammertown library members in 2010: approximately two thirds were female and about one third were male. (176 words) Task 2 Model Answer The advent of new technology has meant that nowadays, machines are more than capable of doing many of the tasks and jobs that people used to do. There are both advantages and disadvantages to this development. One of the main advantages of having machines do work relates to speed and efficiency. Machines tend to be much fester and more efficient at doing repetitive type tasks such as those performed in factories. In addition, the human error factor is eliminated, further saving time and cost Also, although machines might require a more expensive initial outlay, their long-term usage is much more economical than paying human wages by the time factors such as sick leave, annual leave, and wasted time are included. However, there are also several disadvantages. Machines cannot be used for every task, as often the “human touch” is necessary in completing certain tasks. For instance, a machine cannot as yet interface with a customer or client in the same way as a human employee. Nor can they create new ideas or concepts in the innovative way that people can. Machines are also unable to show initiative. In addition, many types of machinery require considerable and sometimes costly maintenance which can reduce their overall cost-effectiveness. In conclusion, machinery certainly has its place in society, supporting and freeing up people’s work time so that they are able to concentrate on more interesting work and work to their strengths. However, machinery also has its limitations, and these need to be recognised in weighing up their advantages and disadvantages. (256 words) IELTS Cue Card Sample 79 – Topic: A Time You Used Your Imagination Posted: 01 Jan 2017 07:19 PM PST IELTS Speaking Part 2 Topic: Describe a time you needed to use your imagination You should say : what the situation was Why you needed to use imagination What the difficulties were Ad explain how you felt about it Sample Answer I’d like to talk about the time when I (1) made use of imagination. I was going to the bookstore that day and accidentally (2) ran into the book titled “Maldives Beach”. The name (3) caught my attention as my friends told me Maldives is the (4) finest beach they have ever seen. The book looks like other travelling books with several sections talking about the local people and some tips to travel there. The more I read, the more interesting the book was. The book describes closely how local (5) handicrafts were made and how (6) skillful the local was. Although there isn’t any picture, I could imagine the lotus statues or (7) embroideries (8)with riot of colors which are sold at the market everyday. The book allows me (9) to transport myself into a special realm where i feel very comfortable and relaxed. However, I wish that the book could add more colorful pictures as I had to (10) make the best of my imagination to (11) visualize how the beach look like. Though the book describes about the white sand, crystal water and range of coconut trees but i found it’s still hard to imagine. If this book had more pictures, I think it would be the (12) best-seller travelling book. Maldives beach stimulates me to go travelling (13) step out of my comfort zone and discover new (14) horizons so it’s definitely the best book for me. Useful Vocabulary make use of imagination ex: When Jane told me about her boyfriend, I had to make use of my imagination to know how her boyfriend looks like run into= come across ex: I ran into him when I was crossing the street catch sb’s attention ex: she wears a body suit to catch everyone’s attention finest ex: La Lasca restaurant is among the finest in my country handicraft ex: [……] pottery village makes lots of handicraft skillful ex: my sister is really skillful as she can make everything embroidery ex: this embroider was made by Thai people in the 19th century with riot of colors ex: I love sitting in flower garden with riot of colors transport myself into a special realm ex: reading book is the best way to transport ourshelves into a special realm make the best of sth ex: due to the lack of water, we have to make the best of dirty water to clean the house Visualize Ex: I can’t visualize how difficult this job is until I do it Best-seller Ex: his cookery book is the best-seller in 2009 step out of sb’s comfort zone ex: he advised me to step out of my comfort zone and challenge myself more horizon ex: travelling is the best way to widen your horizon

TEAM JINKO-CHAN

A cartoon of human rights and peace of mind ’’JINKO-CHAN (人子&神子)’’ and her friends🐤 人権と心の平和のキャラクタ’’JINKO-CHAN (人子&神子)’’ とお友達たち🐤

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